A blog about proper dental hygiene for young children.
- Maintaining a child’s dental hygiene is responsibility of parents.
- Healthy and hygienic teeth lead to good oral health as teeth are important for chewing and eating.
- Oral cavity contain millions of micro organisms and can hamper once teeth. It leads to diseases such as the common enemy, caries.
- Proper oral hygiene protects our teeth. It leads to good eruption of permanent teeth.
- Your child’s overall health and oral hygiene are interrelated And It’s like a cycle that should be maintained.
How to look after your child’s health:
- Parents must take care of their child’s oral hygiene And they should slowly start to teach them to take care by themselves.
- Our teeth are important for chewing and eating. They also perform the function of breaking down large food particles into smaller ones.
- Children are not aware of the harm. They might cause to their teeth. Any accident or trauma may lead to problems that they will face for their entire life.
Routine or habits that will protect your child’s oral health.
- Babies who do not have teeth And are dependent on breastfeeding. Parents of such babies should wipe their gums with neat and clean cloth after breastfeeding And before going to bed.
- This small activity Will clean your child’s gums and will protect them from bacteria and sugar which they get from mother’s milk.
- When the first teeth appears in oral cavity, brushing should be started twice a day with a toothbrush having soft bristles.
- Till three years of age, all milk teeth are erupted. Use of toothpaste should be started from this age. Small amount of toothpaste should be taken Not more than size of a grain.
- Proper brushing techniques should be taught to kids. Covering all the surfaces of teeth, Circular Motion of toothbrush, Cleaning of tongue, and so on.
- A children will require parents help for brushing until the age of 7 Or 8.
- Toothbrush is supposed to be changed after three to four months of use.
- Flossing is also an important technique Which children can perform. Help your child with flossing every day. Flossing cleans the debris which forms in Between neighboring teeth.
- Tongue is responsible for bad breath And it is a very important reason why it should be kept clean. Tongue cleaners are available in market.
- Brushing, flossing, and cleaning are three mantras that Will help you keep your child’s oral cavity healthy and hygienic.
- All these habits will keep your child healthy and away from diseases.
Habits that will cause diseases in children:
There are several habits that may invite diseases in children.
They are as follows:
1. Diet –
- Diet is an important aspect of oral health as well as one’s overall health.
- Excessive intake of sugary products like chocolate, jellies and ice cream contribute to cavity formation.
- Consumption of drinks having high level of sugar and harmful ingredients as in soda and sweetened drinks should also be avoided.
2. Feeding habits –
- Late night consumption of food is risky as it builds up plaque, micro organisms and debris which triggers caries formation.
- Improper feeding habits and prolong use of feeding bottles can lead to disease called as “nursing bottle caries/baby bottle tooth decay.
Baby bottle tooth decay:
- It is usually seen in toddler’s.
- It affects milk teeth.
- Poor oral health is the main reason behind this disease.
- It covers both front and back of the tooth.
- In severe cases, complete tooth is affected.
Liquid food containing sugar such as breast milk and solution is given prior to bedtime causes this sugar to stay overnight and then it gets converted into acid with the help of germs which contributes to caries formation.
- Caries which spread suddenly across the mouth damaging the nerves within the teeth are considered rampant.
- Feeding of sweetened milk overnight.
- Sweetened pacifier with jellies.
- Sugar containing diet.
- Pain in the tooth region.
- Injury to teeth, gum and surrounding tissues due to accident will cause fracture of teeth. There’s strong possibility of infection in future.
- Pain around fractured region.
- Infection in gums.
- Pain while eating.
- It can be done in both children and adults.
- Fluorides are used to control cavities.
- Fluorides are usually present in natural resources of water like tap water, river water and it helps in the process called as mineralization of water.
- Flouride application can be done by two methods,
- You can ask your dentist to perform flouride application technique on ur child’s teeth.
- Fluorides are directly applied on the teeth surface.
- At initial appointment, dentist will clean child’s teeth with a liquid called as pumice slurry
- Dentist will now air dry teeth and will apply 2% NAF ( sodium fluoride) with cotton solution and leave it to dry for 3-4 minutes.
- The procedure is completed in 4 visits.
- Fluoride is obtained from natural resources. It is important for our teeth.
- It usually flows through one’s bloodstream.
- It is a coating painted on surface of the teeth structure to prevent cavity formation.
- It bonds with teeth structure and forms a protective layer on the outer surface of teeth called as enamel.
- Every tooth structure is properly cleaned and with the help of cotton, sealant is applied.
- It can protect one’s teeth for around 10 years.
When to visit your nearby dentist:
- If you observe a black patch, hole or a cavity in your child’s mouth then u should take him to a dentist.
- If your child complains of pain.
- Any accident or injury causing fracture of tooth structure.
- When your kid is avoiding food because of pain and sensitivity.
- If your child has any soft tissue covering his/her tooth surface.
- When your child’s milk teeth fall off before the actual age.
- Improper alignment of teeth.
- For the treatment of Flouride application or sealant application in order to avoid cavities.